Surveys and Monitoring


Sampling littoral invertebrates on the lower Mekong

Rhithroecology has had extensive practical experience  designing, conducting and reviewing surveys and monitoring programs in rivers, lakes and wetlands.

Water quality

Ian Campbell was closely involved in the redesign of the chemical water quality monitoring program of the Mekong River Commission, as well as the 2003 toxicant survey.  He has developed , and advised on the development of  water quality monitoring programs conducted by a number of companies and authorities to assess the impact of discharges from quarries, mines, wastewater treatment plants and road runoff.

Having conducted research on the impacts of water quality on river health, and laboratory studies of the effects of chemical speciation on toxicity of metals to freshwater invertebrates, Ian brings a solid understanding to program design and data interpretation.


Macroinvertebrates and River Health

Ian Campbell was one of the first aquatic ecologists in Australia to use aquatic macroinvertebrates to assess stream health with his early studies on Dandenong Creek and the Yarra River in the 1970s and 80s.  Since then he has continued to be active in this field, establishing the first river health monitoring program for the lower Mekong River (using benthic invertebrates, zooplankton and algae), the first algal monitoring program in the Fly River (PNG), and assessments of Kororoit Creek, the Goulburn River and billabongs of the Latrobe River in Victoria.  He has also developed a river health monitoring program for the Nambucca River, NSW, based on aquatic plants (macrophytes).

Rhithroecology takes a pragmatic approach to river health assessments.  Rather than simply blindly applying indices, based on 40 years of experience we are often able to identify specific but slightly unconventional components of the biota which are sensitive and appropriate as monitoring tools in any given context.